Guiding Light Psychic Tarot Readings

TJ Higgs - Psychic Medium The Genuine Jesus - A Channelled AutobiographyHealing Singing Bowls Courses on the go. Holistic and Spiritual CoursesDistant learning. Alternative spiritual therapies Psychic Workshops Alex Lovelock Medium Elizabeth Francis - Psychic Medium Lorrain Violet Moon Kim Barden Hypnotherapy BWRT Spiritual Energetics
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - TAUNTON
Date: 13-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Creech St Michael Village Hall, Ryesland Way, Creech Saint Michael, Taunton, UK, DL9 4LZ, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - HARROGATE/KNARESBOROUGH
Date: 22-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Beckwithshaw Village Hall, Otley Road, Beckwithshaw, Harrogate, UK, HG3 1QW, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - WAKEFIELD
Date: 29-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Kirkhamgate Village Hall, Brandy Carr Road, Kirkhamgate, Wakefield, UK, WF2 0RS, United Kingdom
Divine Inspiration Worldwide Online Live MBS Event
Date: 04-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Worldwide Live Online, GY1 2JT, United Kingdom
Nantwich Civic Hall Mind Body Spirit Event 7th & 8th March 2020
Date: 07-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Nantwich Civic Hall Beam Street Nantwich Cheshire, CW5 5DG, United Kingdom
The Secrets of Fortune Telling, for Fun & Profit
Date: 08-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Flying Horse Hotel (upstairs function room), Packer Street, Rochdale, Greater Manchester, OL16 1NJ, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - HARTLEPOOL
Date: 23-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Hart Village Hall, Front Street, Hartlepool, UK, TS27 3AW, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - DURHAM
Date: 24-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Shadforth Village Hall, Durham, UK, DH6 1LP, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - STOCKTON-ON-TEES
Date: 25-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Stillington Village Hall, Lowson Street, Stillington, Stockton-on-Tees, UK, TS21 1NW, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - BISHOP AUCKLAND/NEWTON AYCLIFFE
Date: 26-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Middridge Village Hall, Walker's Lane, Middridge, Newton Aycliffe, UK, DL5 7JN, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) EASINGTON VILLAGE
Date: 28-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Seaton Holme , Hall Walk , EASINGTON, Easington, SR8 3BB, United Kingdom
HeartSpace - Sound Meditation & Naad Yoga - Every Friday
Date: 24-Jan-2020 5:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Buddha on a Bicycle, Endell Street, London, UK, WC2H 9BA, United Kingdom
10 WEEK PSYCHIC DEVELOPMENT COURSE
Date: 27-Jan-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: 84 Mortimer Street, Herne Bay, Kent, CT6 5PS, United Kingdom
The 5 Sequences of Awakening
Date: 22-Feb-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Romsey, Hampshire, SO51 5SL, United Kingdom
Angelic Reiki 1&2 Workshop
Date: 28-Feb-2020 6:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Lowfield Street, Dartford DA1 1LH, UK, DA1 1LH, United Kingdom
Bespooked Psychic Supper
Date: 28-Feb-2020 7:30 PM

Address: RBS Loughton, Church Hill, Loughton, Essex, SW1A 2DX, United Kingdom
Crystal Healing Level 1 - Saturday 29 Feb & Sunday 1 March
Date: 29-Feb-2020 10:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: High Road, Thornwood, Epping, Essex CM16 6LY, UK, CM16 6NX, United Kingdom
Mas Sajady Live- Full-Day Event with Mind Body Spirit Festival, London, UK
Date: 29-Feb-2020 11:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Woburn House Conference Centre, Tavistock Square, London, UK, WC1H 9HU, United Kingdom
Free entry to Healers & Therapists Conference & Exhibition
Date: 01-Mar-2020 11:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Oswestry Memorial Hall, Smithfield Street, Oswestry, UK, SY11 2EG, United Kingdom
Angelic Reiki 1&2 Practitioner Course
Date: 06-Mar-2020 2:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Address on booking form, IP24 3AU, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - POOLE, BROADSTONE
Date: 06-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: War Memorial Hall,, Tudor Road, Broadstone, UK, BH18 8AP, United Kingdom
Norwich Mind, Body & Spirit Fair
Date: 07-Mar-2020 9:00 AM

Address: The Forum, Millennium Plain, Norwich,, NR2 1TF, United Kingdom
CHANNELING ART from our COSMIC HEART
Date: 07-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Henge Shop, High Street, Avebury, Marlborough, UK, SN8 1RF, United Kingdom
Transform Your Relationship with Money
Date: 07-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Lee, Great Missenden HP16 9LZ, United Kingdom, HP16 9LZ, United Kingdom
In Good Spirit - Psychic and Holistic Fair
Date: 08-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Glenmore House 6 The Crescent Surbiton KT6 4BN, KT6 7QA, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - BRIDPORT
Date: 08-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Royal British Legion victoria Grove Bridport DT6 3AD, DT6 3AD, United Kingdom
An Evening of Mediumship with Sue Hind
Date: 11-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: The Holiday Inn, Ipswich Road, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 6EP, United Kingdom
An Evening of Mediumship with Sue Hind
Date: 11-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: The Holiday Inn, Ipswich Road, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 6EP, United Kingdom
Witchtacular - A fabulous 2 day Witchtacula Weekend focusing on your most magickal self.
Date: 13-Mar-2020 1:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: The Ceridwen Centre, Drefelin, Drefach-Felindre, Llandysul, Carmarthenshire SA44 5XE, SA44, United Kingdom
Shropshire's Psychic Institute, Grand Opening Day
Date: 14-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Prees Village Hall, Church Road, Prees, Whitchurch, Shropshire, SY13 2HE, United Kingdom
Mind Body Spirit & Craft Weekend Fair - 14th to 15th March 2020
Date: 14-Mar-2020 11:00 AM

Address: The Woolwell Centre, Darklake Lane, Woolwell, Plymouth, Devon PL6 7TR, UK, PL6 7RB, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - YEOVIL
Date: 15-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: East Coker Village Hall, Halves Lane, East Coker, Yeovil, UK, BA22 9EX, United Kingdom
An Evening of Mediumship with Sue Hind
Date: 18-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: The Athaenum, Angel Hill, Bruy St Edmunds, Suffolk, IP33 1LU, United Kingdom
Cwmbran MBS 2020
Date: 21-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Greenmeadow Golf Club Tre-Herbert Rd, Cwmbran NP44 2BZ, NP44 2BZ, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - DARLINGTON
Date: 21-Mar-2020 7:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: St Mary's Community Centre, Newton Lane, Darlington, UK, DL3 9EX, United Kingdom
Vitali-Chi Life Changing Weekend Workshops
Date: 27-Mar-2020 9:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: City Road, West Mersea, Colchester CO5 8NE, UK, CO5 8NE, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - South shields - Early Session
Date: 27-Mar-2020 5:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Sutton Hall, Prince Edward Road, South Shields, UK, NE34 7QD, United Kingdom
The Detox & Transformation Wellbeing Retreat with Alex Reid & Prash K
Date: 27-Mar-2020 6:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Carbon Retreat, Churchgate Street, Old Harlow, Harlow CM17 0JT, UK, CM17 0JT, United Kingdom
Gong Bath (Sound Meditation Evening) - SOUTH SHIELDS, LATE SESSION
Date: 27-Mar-2020 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Sutton Hall, Prince Edward Road, South Shields, UK, NE34 7QD, United Kingdom
Sound Medicine Conference
Date: 28-Mar-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Duke of Cornwall Hotel Millbay Rd, Plymouth, Devon PL1 3LG, PL1 3BA, United Kingdom
Soul Discovery
Date: 28-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Lee, Great Missenden HP16 9LZ, United Kingdom, HP16 9LZ, United Kingdom
Usui Reiki master Teacher Event
Date: 28-Mar-2020 10:15 AM

Visit Site
Address: Sissinghurst, Cranbrook, UK, TN17 2JD, United Kingdom
Happyiness and Healing One Day Retreat
Date: 29-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: 879 London Road, Southend-on-Sea, Westcliff-on-Sea SS0 9SZ, UK, SS0 9SZ, United Kingdom
Dorking Mind, Body & Soul Show - Sunday 29th March 2020
Date: 29-Mar-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Denbies Wine Estate, London Road, Dorking, UK, RH10 6LW, United Kingdom
Seminar About The Soul
Date: 30-Mar-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Location in Central London to be determined, , United Kingdom
Confessions of a Hypnotist - Become a Master NLP Hypnotherapist
Date: 04-Apr-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Firgrove Hotel, Cahir Hill, Mitchelstown, Co. Cork, Ireland, 55407, Ireland
Mansfield MBS Show
Date: 04-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell Centre, Sookholme rd, Mansfield, Notts, NG19 8LL, United Kingdom
A Demonstration of Aura Reading
Date: 04-Apr-2020 12:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell CentreSookholme rdMansfieldNotts, NG19, United Kingdom
Hypnosis, Key to the Mind
Date: 04-Apr-2020 1:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell Centre Sookholme rd Mansfield Notts, NG19 8LL, United Kingdom
The Folklore & Magic of Dolls
Date: 04-Apr-2020 2:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell Centre Sookholme rd Mansfield Notts, NG19 8LL, United Kingdom
SPIRITISM & PSYCHOLOGY - WHAT IS THE CONNEXION?
Date: 04-Apr-2020 2:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Lancaster Hall Hotel, 35 Craven Terrace, London W2 3EL, UK, W2 3EL, United Kingdom
Animal Communication
Date: 04-Apr-2020 5:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell Centre Sookholme rd Mansfield Notts, NG19 8LL, United Kingdom
Mansfield MBS Show
Date: 05-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell Centre Sookholme rd Mansfield Notts, NG19 8LL, United Kingdom
A Demonstration of Mediumship
Date: 05-Apr-2020 10:45 AM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell CentreSookholme rdMansfieldNotts, NG19, United Kingdom
John Richardson and The Purple Church Spiritual Healing Circle
Date: 05-Apr-2020 4:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: John Fretwell Centre Sookholme rd Mansfield Notts, NG19 8LL, United Kingdom
Woodbridge Mind Body Spirit Festival - 2 days
Date: 11-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Community Hall, Station RdWoodbridge, IP12 4AU, United Kingdom
Finding The Inner You:With The Sage
Date: 13-Apr-2020 11:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Amina Malik Gallery, 28 Station road, South Norwood London SE25 5AG, SE25 5AG, United Kingdom
Mind Body & Soul Fair - 18th/19th (20th Year)
Date: 18-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Rufus Centre, Steppingley Road, Flitwick, Bedford, UK, MK45 1AH, United Kingdom
Wheel of Wisdom - Manjushri Empowerment - Buddha Workshop
Date: 18-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: 7 Harmony Row, Lifford, Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland, V95 D504, Ireland
Authentic Mind 1 Week Retreat
Date: 24-Apr-2020 4:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Elmley National Nature Reserve,Elmley,Isle of Sheppey,Kent,ME12 3RW, ME12 3RW, United Kingdom
Festival of wellness - 25/26 April 2020
Date: 25-Apr-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Halls, St Andrews Plain, Norwich, NR3 1AU, NR3 1AU, United Kingdom
Crystal Healing Beginners
Date: 02-May-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Holiday Inn Express First Point Business Park, Bullrush Grove Balby, Doncaster, DN4 8SJ , United Kingdom
Taunton Feel Good Festival
Date: 09-May-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Woodlands Castle, Ruishton, Taunton, Somerset, TA3 5LU, TA3 5LU, United Kingdom
5 Day Tuning Fork Sound Therapy Diploma
Date: 11-May-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Polhilsa House, Polhilsa, Callington, PL17 8PP, United Kingdom
How To Get What You Want From Life
Date: 17-May-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Holiday Inn Express Bullrush Grove Doncaster , DN4 8SJ, United Kingdom
Aura-Soma Essentials Course
Date: 22-May-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: 6 Tremadart Close, Duloe, Liskeard, UK, PL14 4PX, United Kingdom
Get Fired Up For Summer Weekend Retreat
Date: 29-May-2020 5:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Elan Valley Lodge, Elan Village, Rhayader, UK, , United Kingdom
Body & Soul Fayre
Date: 30-May-2020 12:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Glasgow Royal Concert Hall, 2 Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, UK, G2 3NY, United Kingdom
Mind Body Spirit & Wellbeing Festival
Date: 06-Jun-2020 9:45 AM

Visit Site
Address: Chelmsford City Racecourse, Essex CM3 1QP, CM3 1QP, United Kingdom
GAME OF LIFE and how to play it
Date: 20-Jun-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: THE PARISH HALL CHIPPERFIELD HERTFORDSHIRE, WD4 9BQ, United Kingdom
Transformation with Akashic Records
Date: 20-Jun-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Kalikalos, Kissos Village, The Pelion, Greece, EC1A 7EB, United Kingdom
THE ARTISTS WAY - A weekend of Spirit Art and Inspiration
Date: 27-Jun-2020 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: SHEDFIELD VILLAGE HALL CHURCH ROAD SHEDFIELD HAMPSHIRE SO32 2HZ, SO32 2HZ, United Kingdom
AromAware Events Wellbeing Weekend, The Clay Factory
Date: 04-Jul-2020 11:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Clay Factory,Redlake Industrial Estate,Ivy bridge,Devon, PL21 0EZ, United Kingdom
Free ONLINE Angel Healing Course (includes recognized accredited certificate)
Date: 31-Jul-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Global Online, M2, United Kingdom
LIVING THE LAW OF ATTRACTION RETREAT BALI
Date: 06-Sep-2020 5:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Narasoma Retreat Centre,Jalan Monkey Forest,Gang Beji No35,Ubud 80571,Bali,Indonesia, 80571, Indonesia
Healing Water Meditation Retreat
Date: 24-Sep-2020 2:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Brooklands Barn Retreat Priory Lane, Arundel BN18 0FP, UK, BN18 0BG, United Kingdom
Mind Body Spirit Festival
Date: 24-Oct-2020 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Marks Tey Parish Hall, Old London Road, Marks Tey, Colchester, Essex CO6 1EJ, CO6 1EJ, United Kingdom

International Version
Select County

Ann Sinclair - Psychic Reading The Psychic News IPHM Side - Therapists Accrediation Spiritual Events UK - Psychics For Hire Theta Healing Academy Psychic Paula VgoriPsychic Paula Vgori SMALL 12 MBS Web Design - Mind Body Soul Gathering of Minds Peaceful LivingLuna Chakra and Aura Certified Course Pauline Clairvoyant Medium Book this spot (SM29)






[ View My Events ]
  +Add Event +Add Article +Add Classified +Add To Directory
Search
href=

'We are fighting for our lives and our dignity' - Amazon Indians opposed to land exploitation

By:John Vidal - The Guardian
Date: Mon,22 Jun 2009
Submitter:Ian
Views:12756

View Related

Across the globe, as mining and oil firms race for dwindling resources, indigenous peoples are battling to defend their lands – often paying the ultimate price.

It has been called the world's second "oil war", but the only similarity between Iraq and events in the jungles of northern Peru over the last few weeks has been the mismatch of force. On one side have been the police armed with automatic weapons, teargas, helicopter gunships and armoured cars. On the other are several thousand Awajun and Wambis Indians, many of them in war paint and armed with bows and arrows and spears.

In some of the worst violence seen in Peru in 20 years, the Indians this week warned Latin America what could happen if companies are given free access to the Amazonian forests to exploit an estimated 6bn barrels of oil and take as much timber they like. After months of peaceful protests, the police were ordered to use force to remove a road bock near Bagua Grande.

In the fights that followed, at least 50 Indians and nine police officers were killed, with hundreds more wounded or arrested. The indigenous rights group Survival International described it as "Peru's Tiananmen Square".

"For thousands of years, we've run the Amazon forests," said Servando Puerta, one of the protest leaders. "This is genocide. They're killing us for defending our lives, our sovereignty, human dignity."

Yesterday, as riot police broke up more demonstrations in Lima and a curfew was imposed on many Peruvian Amazonian towns, President Garcia backed down in the face of condemnation of the massacre. He suspended – but only for three months – the laws that would allow the forest to be exploited. No one doubts the clashes will continue.

Peru is just one of many countries now in open conflict with its indigenous people over natural resources. Barely reported in the international press, there have been major protests around mines, oil, logging and mineral exploitation in Africa, Latin America, Asia and North America. Hydro electric dams, biofuel plantations as well as coal, copper, gold and bauxite mines are all at the centre of major land rights disputes.

A massive military force continued this week to raid communities opposed to oil companies' presence on the Niger delta. The delta, which provides 90% of Nigeria's foreign earnings, has always been volatile, but guns have flooded in and security has deteriorated. In the last month a military taskforce has been sent in and helicopter gunships have shelled villages suspected of harbouring militia. Thousands of people have fled. Activists from the Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta have responded by killing 12 soldiers and this week set fire to a Chevron oil facility. Yesterday seven more civilians were shot by the military.

The escalation of violence came in the week that Shell agreed to pay £9.7m to ethnic Ogoni families – whose homeland is in the delta – who had led a peaceful uprising against it and other oil companies in the 1990s, and who had taken the company to court in New York accusing it of complicity in writer Ken Saro-Wiwa's execution in 1995.

Meanwhile in West Papua, Indonesian forces protecting some of the world's largest mines have been accused of human rights violations. Hundreds of tribesmen have been killed in the last few years in clashes between the army and people with bows and arrows.

"An aggressive drive is taking place to extract the last remaining resources from indigenous territories," says Victoria Tauli-Corpus, an indigenous Filipino and chair of the UN permanent forum on indigenous issues. "There is a crisis of human rights. There are more and more arrests, killings and abuses.

"This is happening in Russia, Canada, the Philippines, Cambodia, Mongolia, Nigeria, the Amazon, all over Latin America, Papua New Guinea and Africa. It is global. We are seeing a human rights emergency. A battle is taking place for natural resources everywhere. Much of the world's natural capital – oil, gas, timber, minerals – lies on or beneath lands occupied by indigenous people," says Tauli-Corpus.

What until quite recently were isolated incidents of indigenous peoples in conflict with states and corporations are now becoming common as government-backed companies move deeper on to lands long ignored as unproductive or wild. As countries and the World Bank increase spending on major infrastructural projects to counter the economic crisis, the conflicts are expected to grow.

Indigenous groups say that large-scale mining is the most damaging. When new laws opened the Philippines up to international mining 10 years ago, companies flooded in and wreaked havoc in indigenous communities, says MP Clare Short, former UK international development secretary and now chair of the UK-based Working Group on Mining in the Philippines.

Short visited people affected by mining there in 2007: "I have never seen anything so systematically destructive. The environmental effects are catastrophic as are the effects on people's livelihoods. They take the tops off mountains, which are holy, they destroy the water sources and make it impossible to farm," she said.

In a report published earlier this year, the group said: "Mining generates or exacerbates corruption, fuels armed conflicts, increases militarisation and human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings."

The arrival of dams, mining or oil spells cultural death for communities. The Dongria Kondh in Orissa, eastern India, are certain that their way of life will be destroyed when British FTSE 100 company Vedanta shortly starts to legally exploit their sacred Nyamgiri mountain for bauxite, the raw material for aluminium. The huge open cast mine will destroy a vast swath of untouched forest, and will reduce the mountain to an industrial wasteland. More than 60 villages will be affected.

"If Vedanta mines our mountain, the water will dry up. In the forest there are tigers, bears, monkeys. Where will they go? We have been living here for generations. Why should we leave?" asks Kumbradi, a tribesman. "We live here for Nyamgiri, for its trees and leaves and all that is here."

Davi Yanomami, a shaman of the Yanomami, one of the largest but most isolated Brazilian indigenous groups, came to London this week to warn MPs that the Amazonian forests were being destroyed, and to appeal for help to prevent his tribe being wiped out.

"History is repeating itself", he told the MPs. "Twenty years ago many thousand gold miners flooded into Yanomami land and one in five of us died from the diseases and violence they brought. We were in danger of being exterminated then, but people in Europe persuaded the Brazilian government to act and they were removed.

"But now 3,000 more miners and ranchers have come back. More are coming. They are bringing in guns, rafts, machines, and destroying and polluting rivers. People are being killed. They are opening up and expanding old airstrips. They are flooding into Yanomami land. We need your help.

"Governments must treat us with respect. This creates great suffering. We kill nothing, we live on the land, we never rob nature. Yet governments always want more. We are warning the world that our people will die."

According to Victor Menotti, director of the California-based International Forum on Globalisation, "This is a paradigm war taking place from the arctic to tropical forests. Wherever you find indigenous peoples you will find resource conflicts. It is a battle between the industrial and indigenous world views."

There is some hope, says Tauli-Corpus. "Indigenous peoples are now much more aware of their rights. They are challenging the companies and governments at every point."

In Ecuador, Chevron may be fined billions of dollars in the next few months if an epic court case goes against them. The company is accused of dumping, in the 1970s and 1980s, more than 19bn gallons of toxic waste and millions of gallons of crude oil into waste pits in the forests, leading to more than 1,400 cancer deaths and devastation of indigenous communities. The pits are said to be still there, mixing chemicals with groundwater and killing fish and wildlife.

The Ecuadorian courts have set damages at $27bn (£16.5bn). Chevron, which inherited the case when it bought Texaco, does not deny the original spills, but says the damage was cleaned up.

Back in the Niger delta, Shell was ordered to pay $1.5bn to the Ijaw people in 2006 – though the company has so far escaped paying the fines. After settling with Ogoni families in New York this week, it now faces a second class action suit in New York over alleged human rights abuses, and a further case in Holland brought by Niger Delta villagers working with Dutch groups.

Meanwhile, Exxon Mobil is being sued by Indonesian indigenous villagers who claim their guards committed human rights violations, and there are dozens of outstanding cases against other companies operating in the Niger Delta.

"Indigenous groups are using the courts more but there is still collusion at the highest levels in court systems to ignore land rights when they conflict with economic opportunities," says Larry Birns, director of the Council on Hemispheric Affairs in Washington. "Everything is for sale, including the Indians' rights. Governments often do not recognise land titles of Indians and the big landowners just take the land."

Indigenous leaders want an immediate cessation to mining on their lands. Last month, a conference on mining and indigenous peoples in Manila called on governments to appoint an ombudsman or an international court system to handle indigenous peoples' complaints.

"Most indigenous peoples barely have resources to ensure their basic survival, much less to bring their cases to court. Members of the judiciary in many countries are bribed by corporations and are threatened or killed if they rule in favour of indigenous peoples.

"States have an obligation to provide them with better access to justice and maintain an independent judiciary," said the declaration.

But as the complaints grow, so does the chance that peaceful protests will grow into intractable conflicts as they have in Nigeria, West Papua and now Peru. "There is a massive resistance movement growing," says Clare Short. "But the danger is that as it grows, so does the violence."
Like This? (Click Me)
 Be the first person to like this
 Known Humans have read this.
Post a Comment   View Comments(0)
Did you enjoy this article? why not let us know.








Share Page with Friends EmailBookmark and Share
Contact Me Contact Me
Request Delete/Amendment Request Amendment
Digg this article!
Delicious! Add this article to Del.icio.us!
Discuss Article on TheSpiritGuidesNetwork.co.uk Discuss Article on TheSpiritGuidesNetwork.co.uk

Post Article:
Submit Your Own Article

Leave a Comment

 

  
   
 


  


Enter the numbers shown above:

Comments

Copyright 2006-2013 TheSpiritGuides.co.uk
Tel: 07967 595893
A Mind Body Soul Directory and Spiritual Knowledge Site. Dedicated to Brenda Smith and all spiritual seekers out there.
0